Ramadan Guide in the Philippines

Ramadan is a time of spiritual reflection, self-improvement, and heightened devotion for Muslims all over the world. And while the holy month of Ramadan is celebrated across many countries, the Philippines offers a unique experience that is not to be missed. The Philippines is home to a diverse Muslim community that has maintained its traditions and practices for centuries, creating a rich and fascinating culture that is well worth exploring.

Whether you are a Muslim looking for guidance during this sacred month or someone curious about the customs and traditions surrounding Ramadan, a Ramadan Guide in the Philippines can help you make the most of this special time.

From fasting schedules to local halal food recommendations and spiritual activities, this guide will provide you with a comprehensive look at the ways in which Ramadan is celebrated in the Philippines. So, join us on this journey of discovery and exploration, as we delve into the world of Ramadan in the Philippines.

Ramadan Guide in the Philippines

Islam is one of the major religions practiced in the Philippines, with a significant percentage of the population being Muslim. According to the latest data available from the Philippine Statistics Authority, as of 2015, Muslims comprise approximately 5.6% of the Philippine population, with the majority living in the southern part of the country, particularly in the Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao (ARMM).

Islam arrived in the Philippines in the 13th century, brought by Muslim traders from the Indonesian archipelago, and it has since become an integral part of the country’s cultural and religious landscape. Despite facing challenges and obstacles, the Muslim community in the Philippines has remained resilient and continues to make significant contributions to the country’s social, economic, and political development.

Celebrating Ramadan in the Philippines

Ramadan is an important and meaningful time for Muslims in the Philippines, as it is an opportunity for them to connect with their faith and traditions. The month of Ramadan is marked by fasting, prayer, and acts of charity, and these practices are observed with great devotion and enthusiasm by the Filipino Muslim community. During this time, mosques are filled with worshippers, and families and friends come together to break their fast and share meals.

During Ramadan in the Philippines, the atmosphere is one of joy, generosity, and spiritual reflection. Whether you are a Filipino Muslim or a visitor to the country, celebrating Ramadan in the Philippines is a unique and memorable experience that offers a glimpse into the rich culture and traditions of the Muslim community.

Ramadan Do’s and Don’ts

Ramadan Guide in the Philippines
Credits: roger_alcantara_Flickr

Ramadan is a time of spiritual reflection, self-discipline, and acts of charity for Muslims all over the world. If you are in the Philippines during this holy month, here are some do’s and don’ts to keep in mind:


  1. Do respect the religious practices and customs of the Muslim community during Ramadan.
  2. Do greet your Muslim friends and colleagues with “Ramadan Mubarak” or “Happy Ramadan.”
  3. Do observe fasting from dawn until dusk, even if you are not Muslim.
  4. Do offer your Muslim friends and colleagues food and drinks after sunset.
  5. Do participate in acts of charity and volunteer work to help those in need.


  1. Don’t eat, drink, or smoke in public during daylight hours.
  2. Don’t play loud music or engage in other activities that may disturb those who are fasting.
  3. Don’t wear revealing or immodest clothing during Ramadan.
  4. Don’t criticize or mock those who are fasting or engaging in religious practices during Ramadan.
  5. Don’t engage in any activities that go against the spirit of the holy month, such as gambling or drinking alcohol.

By following these simple guidelines, you can show respect for the Muslim community during Ramadan and enjoy the unique cultural experience that this holy month brings to the Philippines.

Ramadan Traditions

Ramadan is a significant event for the Muslim community in the Philippines, where it is celebrated with great enthusiasm and reverence. Here are some of the most important traditions associated with Ramadan in the Philippines:

1. Fasting: Fasting is an essential part of Ramadan for Muslims worldwide, and the Filipino Muslim community is no exception. Muslims in the Philippines abstain from food and drink from dawn until dusk throughout the month of Ramadan. In the Philippines, a country with a large Muslim population, especially in the Mindanao region, Ramadan fasting schedules can be found online or in local mosques. Some of the major cities in the Philippines have the following fasting times for the first day of Ramadan:

Taguig: Fajr (pre-dawn meal) at 4:31 AM, Iftar (breakfast) at 6:12 PM

Quezon City: Fajr at 4:31 AM, Iftar at 6:12 PM

Manila: Fajr at 4:31 AM, Iftar at 6:13 PM

General Santos: Fajr at 4:22 AM, Iftar at 5:50 PM

Davao: Fajr at 4:20 AM, Iftar at 5:49 PM

Cebu City: Fajr at 4:24 AM, Iftar at 5:58 PM

2. Taraweeh Prayers: Taraweeh prayers are special evening prayers that are performed during Ramadan. Muslims in the Philippines gather in the mosque to perform these prayers, which are recited after the obligatory Isha prayer.

3. Iftar: Iftar is the evening meal that Muslims have after sunset, breaking their fast for the day. In the Philippines, Muslims traditionally break their fast with dates and water, followed by a hearty meal consisting of local delicacies.

4. Zakat: Zakat is the practice of giving to the less fortunate during Ramadan. In the Philippines, Muslims often give money, clothes, or food to those in need, particularly during the last ten days of the month.

5. Eid al-Fitr: Eid al-Fitr is the celebration that marks the end of Ramadan. In the Philippines, Muslims celebrate this day with prayers, feasting, and family gatherings.

Where to Celebrate Iftar

Iftar is the meal that breaks the fast during Ramadan, and it is an important part of the day for Muslims. If you are looking for a place to celebrate Iftar in the Philippines, there are several options available to you. Here are some suggestions to get you started:

Mosques – Many mosques in the Philippines offer Iftar meals to the community, and these are often free of charge. This is a great option if you are looking for a more traditional and communal experience.

Halal restaurants – There are several halal restaurants throughout the Philippines that offer Iftar meals during Ramadan. These restaurants offer a variety of halal dishes that are perfect for breaking the fast.

Halal food is food that adheres to Islamic dietary laws and is permissible for consumption by Muslims. In the Philippines, where Islam is the second-largest religion, halal food is widely available, especially in areas with a significant Muslim population.

Here are some tips for finding and enjoying halal food in the Philippines:

  1. Look for Halal certification: When looking for halal food, the first thing you should do is look for a Halal certification. This certification ensures that the food is prepared, processed, and packaged according to Islamic law. There are several Halal-certifying bodies in the Philippines, such as the Islamic Dawah Council of the Philippines and the Halal Development Institute of the Philippines.
  2. Check the Ingredients: Make sure to check the ingredients of any packaged or processed foods you buy to ensure they are halal. Common non-halal ingredients include pork and alcohol, so make sure to avoid these if you’re looking for halal food.
  3. Visit Halal restaurants: In areas with a significant Muslim population, you can find many Halal restaurants that serve a variety of dishes. Some popular Halal dishes in the Philippines include Chicken Adobo, Beef Sinigang, and Beef Kaldereta.
  4. Ask locals for recommendations: If you’re unsure about where to find Halal food, don’t hesitate to ask locals for recommendations. They can guide you to the best Halal restaurants or shops in the area.
  5. Be mindful of food handling and preparation: If you’re eating at a non-Halal restaurant, it’s essential to be mindful of how the food is handled and prepared. Make sure that the kitchen utensils and cooking equipment are clean and free from any non-halal contaminants.

Finding and enjoying Halal food in the Philippines is relatively easy, given the country’s large Muslim population. Just make sure to look for Halal certification, check the ingredients, visit Halal restaurants, ask locals for recommendations, and be mindful of food handling and preparation.

Hotels – Some hotels in the Philippines offer Iftar buffets during Ramadan. This is a great option if you are looking for a more upscale dining experience.

Community events – Many communities in the Philippines host Iftar events during Ramadan. These events are often open to the public and provide an opportunity to meet and socialize with other Muslims in the area.

When looking for a place to celebrate Iftar in the Philippines, it is important to keep in mind that Ramadan is a busy time and reservations may be required. It is also important to be respectful of the customs and traditions of the Muslim community during this sacred time.

Video: Reel Time: Sakripisyo ng mga Muslim tuwing Ramadan

In this video, we explore the various sacrifices that Muslims make during the holy month of Ramadan. While abstaining from food and water during the day is a central part of the fast, there are many other sacrifices that are made as well. From refraining from smoking and other vices to spending extra time in prayer and reflection, Muslims make a number of sacrifices during this sacred time. This video will delve deeper into the customs and traditions surrounding Ramadan and gain a better understanding of the significance of this important month for Muslims around the world.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What is Ramadan and why is it important for Muslims in the Philippines?

Ramadan is the ninth month of the Islamic calendar and is observed by Muslims worldwide as a time of fasting, prayer, and spiritual reflection. It is an important time for Muslims in the Philippines as it provides an opportunity to deepen their faith and renew their commitment to their beliefs.

2. When does Ramadan take place in the Philippines?

The start of Ramadan in the Philippines is based on the sighting of the crescent moon, and it can vary from year to year. Typically, it falls in the summer months, with the exact dates announced by local Islamic authorities.

3. What is the significance of fasting during Ramadan?

Fasting during Ramadan is a way for Muslims to purify their minds and bodies, and to increase their empathy for those who are less fortunate. It is also a way to strengthen one’s faith and to deepen one’s connection with God.

4. Are there any exemptions to fasting during Ramadan?

Yes, there are certain exemptions to fasting during Ramadan. These include being pregnant or breastfeeding, having a medical condition that makes fasting dangerous, or being elderly or infirm.

5. What is Iftar and what is its significance during Ramadan?

Iftar is the meal that breaks the fast during Ramadan, and it is an important time for Muslims to come together and celebrate. It is often a time for families and communities to share meals and spend time together.

6. Are there any special foods or dishes that are associated with Ramadan in the Philippines?

There are a variety of halal dishes that are traditionally associated with Ramadan in the Philippines, including biryani, kabsa, and tandoori chicken. Many communities also have their own unique dishes that are specific to their region.

7. What are some other activities that take place during Ramadan in the Philippines?

In addition to fasting and prayer, many Muslims in the Philippines use Ramadan as a time for charitable giving and community service. It is also a time for reflection and self-improvement.

8. How do Muslims in the Philippines celebrate Eid al-Fitr, which marks the end of Ramadan?

Eid al-Fitr is a festive occasion that marks the end of Ramadan, and it is celebrated by Muslims in the Philippines with feasting, gift-giving, and social gatherings. It is a time to come together and celebrate the accomplishments of the previous month, as well as to renew one’s commitment to faith and community.

Final Thoughts

In conclusion, Ramadan in the Philippines is a time of spiritual renewal, community gathering, and cultural celebration. As we learn more about the customs and traditions surrounding Ramadan, we gain a deeper understanding of the rich tapestry of Muslim culture and its significance in our global community. Whether you are observing the fast yourself or simply seeking to learn more about this important time, a Ramadan Guide in the Philippines can help you explore this fascinating and multifaceted world. So, let us all embrace the spirit of Ramadan and come together to celebrate the beauty of our diverse cultures and traditions.

READ NEXT: List of Philippine Public Holidays in 2023