As the demand for agricultural workers continues to grow worldwide, Japan has emerged as an enticing destination for Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) and Filipinos seeking rewarding careers in farming. Known for its advanced agricultural practices and rich farming heritage, Japan offers a promising landscape for those with a passion for agriculture. Understanding the salary structure and income potential of farmers in Japan is crucial for aspiring Filipino farmers, as it provides valuable insights into the financial aspects and opportunities within this vibrant industry.
In this article, we delve into the salary dynamics of farmers in Japan, examining the factors that influence their earnings and exploring the potential benefits and challenges. By shedding light on the financial aspects of farming in Japan, we aim to equip aspiring Filipino farmers with essential knowledge that can help them make informed decisions and pursue successful careers in the Japanese agricultural sector.
Disclaimer: The information posted here is based on the personal experiences shared by the OFW in the video below. Please let this post serve as a guide only. If you have specific questions, you may ask the OFW by commenting on their video on their accounts.
Understanding the Salary of Farmers in Japan: A Comprehensive Guide
The information presented in this article comes from a YouTube video from the YouTube channel Ivy Villegas. In this video, an OFW vlogger shares the details of her pay slip as a farmer in Japan. She shares this information as a way to inspire other Filipinos with farming experience who may be looking into working abroad and so that they might consider working in the Land of the Rising Sun. If you want to watch the full video, then click on the link below:
The vlogger presents a copy of her payslip as a farmer in Japan. The payslip contains three labels: attendance, earnings, and deductions. The attendance reflects the number of days worked per month, while the earnings indicate the corresponding amount earned.
To summarize, here are the main points:
- 10,000 yen is equivalent to 4,425 pesos.
- Farmers’ salaries vary by area.
- Overtime pay is 0.25 of the hourly rate.
- In January, the vlogger earned 211,340 yen.
- This is nearly 22 “lapad” or 93,517.95 PHP.
Before we proceed, let’s discuss that 10,000 yen is commonly referred to by Filipinos as “isang lapad.” This amount is equivalent to 4,425 pesos, depending on the prevailing exchange rate.
Farmers’ salaries are not the same across the board. There is a minimum wage per area. In the vlogger’s case, she receives the Tokyo rate. In Komomoto, the rate is 821 yen per hour.
There are different rates for regular work hours and overtime pay. If you work beyond eight hours, you receive an additional 0.25 of your salary. So, if your hourly rate is 821 yen, plus 25 percent of that, it means you earn 1,026 yen per hour.
In January, she worked for 24 days, which is equivalent to 172.45 hours. In total, she earned 141,828 yen. Since they were busy, they also had overtime hours, totaling 67.45 hours, which amounts to 69,512 yen.
Therefore, for the month of January, the vlogger received a salary consisting of the regular rate and overtime pay, totaling 211,340 yen. That is nearly 22 “lapad.” In Philippine pesos, it is equivalent to 93,517.95 PHP.
In Japan, insurance and taxes are automatically deducted from your salary. Here are the deductions you can expect:
- Health insurance: 11,319 yen or approximately 5,008 pesos, depending on the current exchange rate. If you require hospitalization in Japan and have health insurance, you only need to pay 30 percent of the total bill, while the remaining 70 percent is covered.
- Welfare pension: They deduct 20,130 yen per month, equivalent to 8,907 pesos. This is for the welfare pension program.
- Employment insurance: There is a monthly deduction of 845 yen or 373 pesos for employment insurance.
- Income tax: The amount of income tax is based on your total annual salary. For the vlogger, 4,050 yen or 1,792 pesos is deducted monthly for income tax.
- Resident tax: It’s important to note that your stay in Japan is not free. You are required to pay a resident tax of 6,400 yen per month, equivalent to 2,832 pesos.
- Apartment: It is rare for companies to provide free housing for trainees. Some private businesses may offer this, but for the vlogger, a deduction of 12,000 yen per month (5,310 pesos) is made, similar to renting an apartment in the Philippines. Despite the expenses, having a comfortable place to stay is worth it.
Utilities: This includes electricity, gas, internet, and other household utilities. A monthly deduction of 18,830
Therefore, the total deductions amount to 73,574 yen or over 7 “lapad,” which is around 32,500 pesos per month. This means that almost 33,000 pesos is deducted from their salary every month.
However, after considering all deductions, the net salary for January 2022 is 137,776 yen or approximately 60,961 pesos per month. Overall, it is still a decent amount. It’s important to note that these figures are based on the vlogger’s experience.
Factors that affect the salary of a farmer in Japan?
Understanding the factors that influence the salary of farmers in Japan is crucial for individuals considering a career in agriculture or those seeking to improve their earning potential in the field. Several key elements contribute to the compensation received by farmers, ranging from location and farm size to experience, market conditions, and government policies.
- Location: The region or prefecture where the farming activity takes place can influence the salary. Different areas may have varying levels of demand, cost of living, and agricultural productivity, which can impact the compensation offered.
- Farm Size: The size of the farm or agricultural operation can affect the salary. Larger farms may offer higher salaries due to increased responsibilities and production scale.
- Experience and Skills: The farmer’s level of experience and specialized skills can influence their salary. Farmers with extensive knowledge, expertise, and proficiency in modern farming techniques may command higher wages.
- Crop Type: The type of crop being cultivated can impact the salary. Certain crops may require more labor-intensive work or have higher market value, leading to variations in compensation.
- Farming Methodology: Different farming methodologies, such as traditional farming, organic farming, or hydroponics, can affect the salary. Some methods may require additional training, certification, or adherence to specific standards, which can influence compensation.
- Market Conditions: Fluctuations in market demand and crop prices can impact a farmer’s salary. Market trends, consumer preferences, and external factors such as weather conditions or global events can affect the profitability of farming and, consequently, the income of farmers.
- Government Policies: Government regulations, subsidies, and support programs for agriculture can influence the salary of farmers. Changes in agricultural policies, incentives, or grants may impact the financial aspects of farming.
- Seasonality: The seasonal nature of farming can affect salaries. Certain periods may require more intensive work, such as planting or harvesting seasons, which could result in higher wages or additional bonuses.
- Employment Type: The type of employment arrangement can impact a farmer’s salary. Some farmers may work as salaried employees for large agricultural corporations, while others may operate their own farms as self-employed individuals, which can result in different compensation structures.
- Education and Training: Farmers with higher levels of education or specialized training in agriculture may have better opportunities for career advancement and higher salaries. Continual learning and staying updated with industry practices can positively influence income potential.
It’s important to note that these factors can vary and may interact with each other, making salary determination complex and multifaceted in the agricultural sector.
How to Apply to Become a Farmer in Japan
The following are some of the steps you can take in order to apply to become a farmer in Japan:
- Research and understand the programs available for foreign individuals.
- Obtain the necessary qualifications and skills through agricultural education and training.
- Focus on learning the Japanese language for effective communication.
- Connect with job placement agencies that specialize in agricultural employment.
- Prepare application documents such as your resume, certificates, and letters of recommendation.
- Attend interviews and examinations to showcase your skills and motivation.
- Complete the visa application process and fulfill legal requirements.
- Learn about Japanese culture and customs for cultural adaptation.
- Embrace opportunities for continuous skill development and growth in your farming career.
Japan offers opportunities for foreign individuals, including Filipinos, to work in the agricultural industry through specific programs and initiatives. By understanding the application process and requirements, you can take the necessary steps to make your farming aspirations a reality.
Research and Understand the Programs:
Start by researching and understanding the different programs available for foreign individuals to work as farmers in Japan. Explore initiatives such as the Technical Intern Training Program (TITP) or the Japan-Philippines Economic Partnership Agreement (JPEPA) that facilitate employment in the agricultural sector. These programs provide pathways for Filipinos to gain experience and contribute to Japan’s agricultural development.
Obtain the Necessary Qualifications and Skills:
To increase your chances of success, acquire the qualifications and skills required to become a farmer in Japan. Consider pursuing agricultural education or vocational training in the Philippines to enhance your knowledge of farming techniques, crop cultivation, and agricultural management practices. Gaining hands-on experience through internships or volunteering on local farms can also be beneficial.
Japanese language proficiency is crucial for effective communication and integration into the farming community in Japan. Invest time and effort in learning the Japanese language, as it will not only help you navigate the application process but also enable you to better understand Japanese farming practices and instructions.
Identify Job Placement Agencies:
Connect with job placement agencies or organizations that specialize in facilitating employment opportunities for Filipinos in Japan’s agricultural sector. These agencies can provide guidance, assistance, and support throughout the application process, helping you find suitable farming positions and ensuring a smooth transition to Japan.
Prepare the Application Documents:
As part of the application process, you will need to prepare several documents, including your resume, educational certificates, language proficiency certificates, and letters of recommendation. Ensure that these documents are accurate, up-to-date, and well-presented to make a positive impression on potential employers.
Attend Interviews and Examinations:
Be prepared to attend interviews and examinations as part of the selection process. These assessments may include interviews to evaluate your skills, knowledge, and motivation for becoming a farmer. Stay confident, showcase your passion for farming, and highlight your relevant qualifications and experiences.
Visa Application and Legal Requirements:
Once selected for a farming position, you will need to complete the necessary visa application procedures. Consult with the appropriate Japanese embassy or consulate in the Philippines to understand the specific visa requirements and procedures for working as a farmer. Ensure that you comply with all legal requirements and provide the requested documentation.
Cultural Adaptation and Preparation:
Before embarking on your farming journey in Japan, take the time to learn about Japanese culture, traditions, and customs. Familiarize yourself with the local customs, etiquette, and work culture to facilitate a smooth transition and enhance your integration into the farming community.
Becoming a farmer in Japan as a Filipino requires careful preparation, dedication, and perseverance. By following the steps outlined in this guide, you can navigate the application process and increase your chances of securing a farming position in Japan. Remember to stay proactive, continuously develop your skills, and embrace the opportunities that arise on your journey to becoming a successful farmer in Japan.
In conclusion, working as a farmer in Japan offers both opportunities and financial considerations. The vlogger’s experience sheds light on the salary structure and deductions involved in this profession. Despite the deductions, it’s worth noting that the net salary for the vlogger in January 2022 was still substantial.
Additionally, the availability of health insurance, welfare pension, and employment insurance provide valuable benefits and coverage for unforeseen circumstances. While the cost of living and various deductions should be taken into account, having access to a comfortable living space and essential utilities adds to the overall experience. Ultimately, pursuing a career as a farmer in Japan can be a rewarding venture for Filipinos seeking opportunities abroad, allowing them to contribute their skills to the agricultural sector and experience life in a different culture.