Department of Education (DepEd): What You Need to Know

Our families place a lot of value on the work that is done by the Department of Education (DepEd), which is one of the federal agencies in the country. It is not only an important part of the educational system in the Philippines, but it is also an important part of the overall growth and development of our country as a whole.

The Department of Education, also abbreviated as DepEd, is one of the government agencies that citizens of the Philippines are accustomed to hearing about and talking about. The organization’s line of activity has a significant impact on the daily lives of individuals living in the Philippines.

The progress and development of the Philippines has been aided by the fact that successive generations of Filipinos have been able to successfully complete their education and secure work, thereby making a contribution to the nation. Nevertheless, what specific information do we have on the DepEd? Keep reading the following parts to increase your knowledge and understanding.

Table of Contents

DepEd: What You Need to Know About the Department of Education

Meaning of DepEd

DepEd means Department of Education in the Philippines.

Purpose of DepEd

In the Philippines, the provision of elementary and secondary schooling is the responsibility of the Department of Education, abbreviated as DepEd. This is the department of the executive arm of the Philippine government that is in charge of ensuring access to basic education, promoting equality in basic education, and improving basic education.

The Department of Education in the Philippines is in charge of directing and managing the basic education system in the country. It is the most influential educator and educational planner for elementary and secondary education in the Philippines. The formulation of educational policy in the Philippines falls under its purview. It is located on Meralco Avenue in Pasig, next to the DepEd Complex, and serves as its primary office and headquarters.

Functions and Responsibilities of DepEd

Establishing, administering, and organizing formal and non-formal basic education policies, plans, programs, and initiatives is the major function of the Department of Education (DepEd), which is responsible for carrying out this function.

Republic Act 9155, sometimes referred to as the Governance of Basic Education Act, was finally signed into law in August of 2001. This act modified the responsibilities of the department’s field offices as well as renamed DECS to become the Department of Education (DepEd).

The act established an overall framework for the empowerment of schools by increasing the number of leadership roles available to headmasters and by providing support for transparency and local responsibility among school administrations. The purpose of students’ and young adults’ basic education was to provide them with the skills, information, and values that would allow them to mature into compassionate, self-sufficient, productive, and patriotic members of society.

Benigno Aquino III, who was serving as senator at the time, revealed his intention to create the K-12 basic education cycle in 2010. This was done with the intention of bringing the total number of compulsory school years up to thirteen. He asserts that this will “provide great education and vibrant jobs” in addition to “providing everyone an equal chance to develop.” When Benigno Aquino III was inaugurated as President of the Philippines, the K-6-4-2 basic education system was also given its official start at that time.

Kindergarten is required to be completed by all Filipino children for one year, followed by six years of elementary school, four years of junior high school, and two years of senior high school.

A lot of agencies are attached to the Department of Education:

  • Bureau of Elementary Education
  • Bureau of Secondary Education
  • Bureau of Alternative Learning Systems
  • Early Childhood Care and Development Council
  • National Education Testing Center
  • National Educators Academy of the Philippines
  • Educational Development Projects
  • Health and Nutrition Center
  • Technical-Vocational Education Task Force
  • National Book Development Board
  • National Council for Children’s Television
  • National Museum
  • Philippine High School for the Arts
  • Functions and Responsibilities

In order to make the Department’s programs and policies more workable and effective, it was split into two primary groups. The first entity is the Central Office, which is responsible for monitoring and directing the administration of elementary education at the national level.

On the other side, the Field Offices are the ones in charge of the administration and coordination of regional and local affairs for the Department. There should be no more than four (4) Undersecretaries and four (4) Assistant Secretaries in the Department, with at least one (1) Undersecretary and one (1) Assistant Secretary being selected from among the Department’s current workforce.

At the moment, there are four (4) Undersecretaries working for the Department. These individuals are in charge of the following: Governance and Operations, Finance and Administration, Curriculum and Instruction, and Legal and Legislative Affairs.

List of Programs and Services of DepEd

The Department of Education has a plethora of programs to offer; in fact, they produce programs virtually every year, and the list below is merely a selection of the top programs for the Philippine education system.

Preschool Service Contracting Scheme

Under the leadership of former Secretary Arsenio M. Balisacan, the Department of Education’s (DepEd) Preschool Service Contracting Scheme (PSCS) was established in the year 2010 by the Department of Education, Culture and Sports (DECS). It is a program that strives to empower parents and caregivers by providing chances for them to generate income and become self-sufficient, which will allow them to pay for their children’s fundamental need.

Kinder Summer Program (KSP)

The Kinder Summer Program (KSP) is designed to help preschoolers improve their academic achievement while also providing them with opportunities to participate in fun leisure activities. It was begun in 2004 with the intention of contributing to the solution of the problem of high school dropout rates, particularly among pupils who came from households with poor incomes. A Unique Employment Opportunity for College and University Students (SPES)

The purpose of the Student Placement and Employment Service (SPES) is to help students from low-income families by providing them with job opportunities and financial aid. The program is geared toward students aged 15 to 17 years old who were unable to continue their secondary education for financial reasons and either dropped out of school or were unable to complete it.

Integrated Core Curriculum (ICC)

The ICC is a comprehensive education program that aims to improve the overall standard of education by ensuring that all students have equal opportunity to participate in enriching educational experiences. It encompasses the stages of pre-primary, primary, and secondary education, in addition to the technical-vocational and higher education levels.

On-the-Spot Integrative Assessment for Preschool Education Program (OSIAPEP)

Children that come from low-income neighborhoods are eligible to participate in the OSIAPEP, a program that offers early childhood education and development opportunities with the goal of enhancing preschool education. Through increased institutional capacity and professional development opportunities for educators, the program also seeks to improve the overall teaching and learning atmosphere in pre-schools.

Intensive School-Based Instructional Supervision (ISBIS)

The goal of the ISBIS program is to improve the quality of education by strengthening the instructional supervision that occurs within schools. This is accomplished by offering educational leaders and classroom instructors access to specialized help, training, and networking opportunities.

A Day in School (ADIS)

Through the provision of a training workshop lasting an entire school day for educators, the ADIS program strives to enhance the overall quality of teaching practices in primary schools. The seminars are led by qualified facilitators and cover a wide variety of subject areas, including classroom management, assessment, and instructional methods.

Mother Tongue-Based Multilingual Education (MTB-MLE)

The MTB-MLE program assists educational institutions in delivering high-quality instruction in the students’ native language, all the while enhancing their students’ abilities in English and mathematics. Schools receive assistance from the program in the creation of their own curricula, as well as training on how to put those curricula into practice.

Expansion of SPED Program

Children who have unique requirements will have access to a high-quality education as well as support through the Special Education Program (SPED). Speech therapy and other forms of assistive technology are only two of the many services that are available through this comprehensive program, which begins in preschool and continues through high school. In the 2018-2019 school year, the initiative will broaden its reach to encompass an additional three schools and provide services to an additional thousand pupils.

Seminar-Workshop on Acceleration Program for the Gifted and Talented Children

(SEAGAP) The Special Education Advanced Placement Seminar and Workshop Program (SEAGAP) is a program that is designed to improve the quality of education that is provided to students who are gifted and talented. The program provides training for teachers in a variety of subject areas, including the development of curricula, teaching strategies, assessment and evaluation methods, and other related topics. In addition to this, it offers possibilities for furthering one’s professional growth in the form of seminars and workshops.

List of DepEd Online Services

DepEd Philippines has a list of online services that provide efficient resources for students and educators in the Philippines. It also provides a forum for educators to share resources and ideas. It features a searchable database of educational resources. Please check out these list of online services available from DepEd:

1. DepEd Online Student Information System (OSIS)

The DepEd Online Student Information System (OSIS) is the official online database of all elementary, secondary, and tertiary level students in the Philippines. The system gives parents and guardians access to their children’s academic records and attendance data so that they can monitor their children’s progress. In addition, the DepEd OSIS acts as a portal through which parents and other stakeholders can report issues, such as the closure of a school because of a natural catastrophe or calamity.

2. DepEd Online Student Registration System (ORS)

The Online Registration System (ORS) of the Department of Education is the official online database of all primary and secondary pupils. The system gives parents the ability to view their children’s academic records and attendance, in addition to additional information such as their children’s current health status and immunisation status. DepEd Online Teacher Registration System (ORTES) ORTES, which stands for the DepEd Online Teacher Enrolment System, is the government’s official online database of all elementary and secondary school teachers in the country.

3. DepEd Online Teacher Workload System (TWS)

The DepEd Teacher Work Schedules (TWS) database is the official online repository of teacher work schedules. It gives schools a tool that can be used for planning and monitoring the workloads of instructors to guarantee that the teachers are being employed effectively. Because of this technology, schools and central offices of the Department of Education are able to track the availability, location, and schedule of teachers. This helps to guarantee that services are provided in an efficient manner.

4. DepEd Classroom Assessment and Management Administrative System (CAMADMIN)

DepEd CAMADMIN is a web-based programme that gives educational institutions the ability to plan for, execute, and report on classroom evaluations. It was developed to be utilised by educators, administrators of educational institutions, parents, and students. The method assists schools in monitoring the quality of education delivered by its faculty members, which enables the schools to improve in areas where there is room for growth.

5. DepEd E-Class Record

The DepEd E-Class Collect is a web-based program that gives schools the ability to record and manage student information such as attendance, classroom grades, final examination results, and other data that is pertinent to the situation.

6. DepEd Enhanced Basic Education Information System (EBEIS)

The Enhanced Basic Education Information System (DepEd Enhanced Basic Education Information System) is a web-based tool that gives schools the ability to record and manage information about students, such as attendance, classroom grades, final examination results, and other pertinent data. In addition, the system has functions for managing staff, creating budgets, and making purchases.

7. DepEd Learning Content Management System (LCMS)

The DepEd Learning Content Management System is an application that is accessed through the web that enables schools and teachers to manage learning materials like as textbooks, teaching manuals, and other digital content that is associated with education. It is able to automatically generate reports on the amount of curricular resources that are available in the school libraries.

8. DepEd Learning Resource Management and Development System (LRMDS)

The DepEd Learning Resource Management and Development System is a web-based tool that gives schools the ability to manage a variety of learning materials, including digital learning content, teaching aids, and textbooks. It also has the capacity to automatically generate data on the quantity of curricular resources that are held in school libraries.

9. DepEd National Educators Academy of the Philippines (NEAP)

The Department of Education’s National Educators Academy of the Philippines (DepEd National Educators Academy of the Philippines, or NEAP) is a centralized online library of teaching resources developed exclusively for use by educators working in public schools. It offers more than 7,000 training modules covering a wide range of topics and one-on-one virtual mentors to assist individual teachers in developing their professional abilities.

Video: Sara Duterte enumerates priorities as next DepEd secretary

The Vice President-elect of the Philippines, Sara Duterte, has outlined her goals for the Department of Education should she be confirmed as the country’s next Secretary of Education (DepEd). Among these are the enhancement of educational standards, the broadening of educational opportunities, and the guarantee that every child in the Philippines will have the opportunity to get a formal education.

Is it possible that Sara Duterte would be able to find solutions to the myriad issues that have been ailing the educational system in the Philippines? Will she be able to find solutions to the problems facing the schools in our country? Will she be successful in reshaping the entire landscape of the educational system? How exactly do we anticipate the remainder of her tenure as head of the DepEd to play out? Will the current administration adopt an entirely new model of educational reform instead of the previous one? We are really enthusiastic about the future term of Sara Duterte and her commitment to promoting educational opportunities for all.

Frequently Asked Questions about DepEd

1. What is the DEpEd’s K TO 12 Program?

The Kindergarten to Year 12 Program is a pedagogical framework with a duration of ten years that was developed with the intention of enhancing the standard of education in the Philippines. It all started in 2012, when the Department of Education (DepEd) undertook a curriculum review and brought it in line with standards used internationally.

The K to 12 Program covers 13 years of basic education with the following key stages:

  • Kindergarten to Grade 3
  • Grades 4 to 6
  • Grades 7 to 10 (Junior High School)
  • Grades 11 and 12 (Senior High School)

2. Why is the DepEd now implementing 12 years of basic education?

Following an evaluation, the Department of Education (DepEd) determined that its course offerings had become obsolete. The K to 12 Program, which consists of a total of 12 years of study, has replaced the previous basic education curriculum, which lasted for ten years. The goal of the curriculum is to get pupils ready for either college or work after they graduate high school.

3. What has been done to get ready for k to 12? Are we really ready for k to 12?

Since 2012, the Department of Education (DepEd) has been slowly putting the K to 12 Program into effect all around the country. It began in elementary schools and continued through high schools, and then in 2014 it was expanded to include institutions of higher education. In 2016, the first group of pupils to complete Grade 11 and graduate from high school did so.

4. How will K to 12 affect the college curriculum?

Before being allowed to concentrate on a particular topic area, pupils under the new curriculum will first need to spend the first two years of their education studying what are called “Foundation” subjects.

5. Can a learner change the path or strand he or she wants to take?

Yes. They have the right to continue their course of study until they graduate, with the exception of circumstances involving academic deficiencies or violations of disciplinary norms. A student or pupil has the right to freely select the area of study that they wish to pursue, as long as it is within the parameters of the curriculum that is currently being taught.

6. Can a school record that has been lost, damaged, or destroyed be certified, verified, and/or validated?

The answer is that it is possible. It is strongly recommended that the applicant supply any one of the following as a reliable foundation for the rebuilding of their academic school record. Statements taken under oath from any two (2) of the applicant’s classmates, principals, or teachers, accompanied by school guardian pictures, souvenir program, or graduation program; or a duly certified copy of the learner’s Form 137 or Form 138 on file at any tertiary learning institution; or a diploma or transcript of records taken under oath from the learner’s current or previous employer/s.

7. What exactly is an accredited school?

Accreditation can be given to a private school if the government has given it license to function or if the Department of Education (DepEd) has given it approval from the Regional Director. Both of these things are required for a school to be regarded as legitimate. It may also refer to schools that are permitted to teach basic education either by law or by the regulations and guidelines established by the Department of Education.

8. What information should be provided throughout the enrollment process?

The Philippine Statistics Authority is the entity that is responsible for issuing birth certificates (PSA). A certificate that was issued by the National Statistics Office has a chance of being recognized as valid. The parent or guardian of the child is required to present either a birth certificate (late registration) issued by the local civil registrar or a barangay certificate that contains the child’s fundamental information, such as the child’s name, date of birth, and place of birth, in the event that the child does not have a birth certificate issued by the PSA. This is the case even if the child does have a birth certificate issued by the PSA.

  • The child’s name (first name, middle name, last name)
  • Gender
  • Your birth date
  • Parents’ names

9. What is the impact of K to 12 on the College Curriculum?

The General Education subfield of the College degree program will be subdivided into a smaller number of modules. It has been decided that all of the topics that are now being covered in Basic Education will no longer be included in the General Education curriculum that is taught in universities. Information about the General Education Curriculum that was just recently put into place may be found in CHED Memorandum Order No. 20, series of 2013.

10. What is ALS?

Out-of-School Youth and Adults (OSYA) who are literate but have not completed high school and completed ten years of basic education as required by the Constitution of the Philippine Government are eligible to participate in this program, which is designed to provide an alternative learning path for these individuals.

For the sake of this definition, OSYA are taken into consideration to be “not in school.” Participants in this program that is not part of any formal schooling, including the systems for primary and secondary education, will include people who have previously chosen not to continue their education for one reason or another.

11. What is ECS Grant?

As a student, you have the choice to enroll in a private school while still qualifying for additional funding from the federal government. Education Service Granting, also known as ESC, is a program that awards certificates as evidence of the government’s commitment to financially assist qualified Filipinos in their pursuit of an education in a private high school for as long as all of the entrance requirements were met, as well as those for regular promotion to each succeeding school year until they graduate.

These certificates are awarded as part of the Education Service Granting program, which is also known as ESC. The Education Service Granting program also awards certificates as evidence of the government’s commitment to This assistance is offered for as long as it is determined that all of the criteria for promotion to the subsequent school year have been satisfied.

12. What are the advantages of kindergarten through 12th grade?

According to the Department of Education (DepEd), the implementation of this programme has the potential to address multiple problems that plague the Philippines, including a low literacy rate, poor skills in mathematics, science, and reading; a lack of graduates who are ready for college or work; and poor educational quality.


There is widespread consensus among both natives and visitors to the Philippines that the country’s educational system is deficient. This is another reason why the Department of Education in the Philippines has persisted in its attempts to improve the overall standard of the country’s educational system.

Students will be better prepared for the next stage of their lives, which will be college, now that the length of time spent in elementary school has been increased to twelve years. It would be more useful if the additional two years of study or final year of high school were relevant to the college major that you wanted to pursue in the future. There is no excuse to fall behind now that education is available at no cost; all you need to do is do your part.

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Contact Information

Address: DepEd Complex, Meralco Avenue, Pasig, Metro Manila, Philippines
Telephone Number: 0286361663
Facebook Page: › DepartmentOfEducation.PH
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